1. Introduction

Away! away! for I will fly to thee,
Not charioted by Bacchus and his pards,
But on the viewless wings of Poesy,
Though the dull brain perplexes and retards:
Already with thee! tender is the night,
And haply the Queen-Moon is on her throne,
Cluster’d around by all her starry Fays;
But here there is no light,
Save what from heaven is with the breezes blown
Through verdurous glooms and winding mossy ways.

Ode to a Nightingale is a poem by John Keats who is drowning in fantasy while hearing the bird’s song. He had written the poem as the admiration to the bird. In stanza 4 portrays about the fantasizing that he wants to run from the real world and join to the nightingale and be free from his problems.

In the first line of fourth stanza the author says away! Away! For I will fly to thee. As we know that “thee” refers to the nightingale. It means that He wants to join the nightingale in its refuge from the world. He wants to escape from his life together with the nightingale. We can see that the author really emphasizes that he wants to escape by writing double word of “away”. The nightingale is a wonderful bird which has a beautiful sound and it makes him fall in the ecstasy. However, he doesn’t want the ecstasy from the intoxicant (Booze), but he wants it from the beautiful rendering words of his own poem. We can see in the second line that says “not charioted by Bacchus and his pards, but on the viewless wings of poesy. The Bacchus means that the Roman god of wine, then the author realizes that the wine or the other will not help him for being with the bird, because the imagination created by the viewless wings of poesy.

In the third line that is viewless wings of poesy means that the wonderful chain of word in his poetry. The author make the nightingale is symbolized his poem. The wings of poesy are invincible, because the wings are the beautiful words on his poem. The author compares between art and life. On the next line, it says “though the dull brain perplexes and retards” meaning that even though the author feels his poor condition, but he is successfully playing with the nightingale that is from the viewless wings of his poetry which is really good poem. So, in the next line, he feels like he is flying together with the nightingale and that night is so wonderful, as if He is in the kingdom of the night which is soft and “tender”.  The moon is surrounded by the shining stars portrays an amazing scenery in his dream. The sound of nightingale helps him to have such a great imagination, even though his condition is not good like in the previous line. By looking at the bird’s world, we know that the bird is in the night. That is symbolizing the life of the bird, that is dark, but that is tender.

Suddenly, he realizes that they are all imaginations and wishful thinking. We can see in the line 8 say that “but here there is no light”. As we know that he imagines the nightingale’s world is so glitter, but the nightingale’s world is no light. The next line says that “ save what from heaven is with the breezes blown”. It means that the light coming through is when the breeze blows trees’ branches and open way to the moonlight. The last line is through verdurous glooms and winding mossy ways has a meaning about there is no such a life in nightingale’s world because the shining moon covered by thickly growing leaves of trees. The nightingale’s sound is like magical place, something out for a fairy tale. His life is like a fantasy, although he is aware that is only a dream, yet he wants to be there. It is related to his condition that is isolated by his society which portrays in the previous stanza. His isolation is the reason why he wants to escape from his society. It really burdens his life, so that he wants to keep stay with the nightingale.

2. Discussion

From this stanza we can discuss about the critical of human nature. In this case, we know that the author has problems in his life, the problems which make his life difference with the other. In this poem, the author focuses on the conflicted in human nature. So, the author expresses that he wants to be free from stress of his society.

Keats, when he created this poem suffered from TBC. It made him disappoint and feel isolated. Then, when he heard the bird, he wanted to run away and threw his entire burden away. The musical sound of nightingale was like the beauty of nature itself.  The song of the nightingale aroused in him a longing to escape with it from this world of sorrow to the world of ideal beauty. He didn’t think of nightingale as an individual bird, but of its song, which had been beautiful for centuries and would continue to be beautiful long after his generation had passed away. His beautiful and ideal world was not real. What the author has thought was only a dream; he imagined the wonderful world which is symbolized in the nightingale song. He was fascinated with the great sound of nightingale; the sound which was heard without any burden and that was the author want. He wanted his life without any problems; all of his problems ran away from his life. Hence, the author wanted to fly with the nightingale, he wanted to run from his problem together with the nightingale. By flying with the nightingale, he thought that he could forget anything. He could only feel the beauty of world and nature.

That is one of human nature, when someone has a problem which really burdens him, he or she will run from his or her problem. He doesn’t have the courage to face the reality. That is a critical of human nature; we have to realize that although we run so far, the problems will not leave us, they will stay in our mind and my life. Hence, we do not need to go away, but we must think how to solve the problem instead. The problem can be saved by finding the solution, not by running away. Although you run so far, it never changes anything. On the other hand, in this case, the author has a desire to find a way. However, it is really difficult for him. He tries to change the mindset of the society to make them not isolate him again, but it’s really hard. The mindset of society cannot be changed because of their big ideal. It makes the author give up in his life. He prefers to run away from his life, he can only imagine that his life and society can be changed through his poem. Yet, it is only a dream for him, not the reality. As the result, by running away from problems, he didn’t solve anything, you are just wasting your time, but the problem is still there. There is no problem which doesn’t have a solution. However, it depends on how the people face it. If the people try to get a solution, it will make their life easier. However, if the people escape from their problem, they will make long distance to find away and solve their problem. It is caused they are afraid to face their problem by their own selves.

3. Conclusion

In conclusion this stanza portrays about the author who wants to fly with the nightingale and feel ecstasy by his own poem, because he wants to escape to his ideal and magical world together with the nightingale. He feels that he is already in magical world with the nightingale. Besides that, it portrays about the nature of human which wants to escape every time they face a problem. They prefer to run away from his life and create a great imagination which makes his burden run away. However, it keeps only a dream not the reality. He was alone with the nightingale in the dark but comfortable for him. As the result, the nightingale’s world is his dream and imagination which makes him admire the beauty of nature and feel without any burdens in this world.